Taypsi: Static Enforcement of Privacy Policies for Policy-Agnostic Oblivious Computation

Qianchuan Ye and Benjamin Delaware

abstract

Secure multiparty computation (MPC) techniques enable multiple parties to compute joint functions over their private data without sharing that data to other parties, typically by employing powerful cryptographic protocols to protect individual's data. One challenge when writing such functions is that most MPC languages force users to intermix programmatic and privacy concerns in a single application, making it difficult to change or audit a program's underlying privacy policy. Existing policy-agnostic MPC languages rely on run-time / dynamic enforcement to decouple privacy requirements from program logic. Unfortunately, the resulting overhead makes it difficult to scale MPC applications that manipulate structured data. This work proposes to eliminate this overhead by instead transforming programs to semantically equivalent versions that statically enforce user-provided privacy policies. We have implemented this approach in a new MPC language, called Taypsi; our experimental evaluation demonstrates that the resulting system features considerable performance improvements on a variety of MPC applications involving structured data and complex privacy polices.