### Adding mother-of-pearl to the cherry wood model of my prism dissection of two 5-pointed stars to a {10/4} star, which I discussed in Chapter 22 (pages 263-265) of Dissections: Plane & Fancy, by Greg N. Frederickson:

In his 1964 book Geometric Dissections, Harry Lindgren presented an 18-piece dissection of two {5/2} stars to a {10/4} star. The large number of pieces stood as a challenge that prompted me to invent prism dissections in 1973. The idea is to dissect prisms (which have thickness), rather than just planar figures. The thickness allows us to dissect the prism into pieces that "bridge" across some central volume between two or more towers that span from the top of the prism to the bottom. This approach is meant to prevent pieces at the extremities of a geometric figure from being isolated from one another when it is possible to link them together.

In my book Dissections: Plane and Fancy, I presented a prism dissection of two {5/2}-prisms to a {10/4}-prism that uses just 10 compound pieces. The prism dissection is a bit complicated because I use six levels to bridge between the towers, with each of the ten compound pieces having two towers. On the bright side, the dissection is translational, has only three different shapes for the compound pieces, and has identically-cut 5-pointed-star prisms, which are each indistinguishable when turned from its top to its bottom. Similarly, the 10-pointed star has 2-fold rotational symmetry and is indistinguishable when turned from its top to its bottom. (For the definition of terms like "translational" and "2-fold rotational symmetry," please refer to my book.)

For many years I wanted to produce a physical model of this dissection, with which to illustrate its design and properties. But achieving the necessary precision was daunting. However, the laser-cutting abilities of my friend Walt Hoppe brought this goal within reach. It took two tries to be successful, because obtaining precisely-cut flat pieces (108 in all) is only half the battle. The other half is figuring out how to align the flat pieces and keep them in place as the glue dries. My solution was to cut circular holes in the pieces of a tower and then insert dowel pins into those holes. If the holes are precisely positioned, then the flat pieces will line up perfectly. Coat the inside of the holes with glue and then insert the dowels. Voilà!

I displayed the results in July 2014 on one of my webpages. When I showed photos of the model to my sister Diane, I mentioned that the blotchy circles in my photos were the dowels, and it would be nice to hide them with something more decorative. She suggested mother-of-pearl "dots", which are used to dress up violin bows and guitar fingerboards, and she then proceeded to locate a couple of suppliers on the web. I ordered some samples, which looked great, and then asked Walt Hoppe to cut another set of flat pieces. I've constructed ten compound pieces, but now with the decorative dots, as you can see in the photos below.

Directly below is a photo of the ten compound pieces that I glued together from the 108 flat pieces cut by Walt Hoppe with his laser cutter. Each of the two ends of every compound piece contains a tower that is 6 levels high. On each tower you can see the two dots that hide the dowels that lock its 6 flat pieces together and in place. For each of the ten compound pieces, you can see a bridge that links the two towers together. None of the bridges are completely simple, and you may need to study Figures 22.8, 22.9, and 22.10 of Dissections: Plane and Fancy, read the text on pages 263-265 of DPF, and then think about it to understand why the bridges are designed in the way that they are. Note that each piece in the left column is the "flip" of the piece next to it in the right column. Also note that in the left column, the fifth piece is a flip of the first piece, and the fourth piece is a flip of the second piece. This property also holds for the right column, so that altogether there are just three different shapes for the compound pieces!

Next is the photo of the 10-pointed star prism formed from the ten compound pieces. The perfectly-shaped pieces just about leap out at you! Don't you love the 2-fold rotational symmetry? And how about that mother-of-pearl!

Finally comes the photo of the two 5-pointed star-prisms that can be formed from the ten compound pieces. Enjoy the 2-fold replication symmetry! And the mother-of-pearl too. Thanks for suggesting and finding a supplier for those dots, Diane!

Back to the photo gallery for Dissections: Plane & Fancy.

Copyright 2014, Greg N. Frederickson.
Permission is granted to any purchaser of Dissections: Plane & Fancy to print out a copy of this page for his or her own personal use.

Last updated October 22, 2014.